Syrian rebels fear chemical weapons
on 19/12/2012 09:17:21
General Salim Idris, who defected from the Syrian army in July, said he is "very afraid" that a cornered Syrian President Bashar Assad will unleash such weapons on his own people.
Syria is said to have one of the world's largest chemical arsenals. Earlier this week, Syria's UN ambassador said the regime would not use such weapons under any circumstances. However, recent US intelligence reports indicated the regime may be readying chemical weapons and could be desperate enough to use them.
Gen Idris, a 55-year-old German-trained electronics professor, was chosen as chief of staff earlier this month by several hundred commanders of rebel units meeting in Turkey.
With the election of Gen Idris and a 30-member military command centre, Syria's opposition hopes to transform largely autonomous groups of fighters into a unified force.
The reorganisation came after Syria's political opposition won international recognition this month as the sole representative of the Syrian people.
In an interview late yesterday, Gen Idris said the rebels could defeat the regime within a month if supplied with anti-aircraft weapons. Mr Assad's troops are stretched thin and have lost ground in recent months, particularly in north-western Syria, but have kept rebel fighters pinned down with massive air bombardments.
The West has refused to supply Syria's opposition with weapons for fear they could fall into the hands of Islamic militants among the rebels, such as the al Qaida-inspired Jabhat al-Nusra, which was designated a terrorist group by the US last week.
Gen Idris estimated that about a fifth of al-Nusra's fighters are foreigners, but said he believes they will leave Syria once the regime has been toppled. He said the Syrians in the group, which is believed to number several hundred fighters in all, could be brought back to a more mainstream Islam after the war.
"They are not terrorists," he said of al-Nusra, adding that the group chose not to be part of the rebel command.
Speaking in a hotel lobby in the southern Turkish town of Antakya near the Syrian border, Gen Idris said that without foreign military help, driving out the regime could take "one, two or three months".
He claimed that more than 120,000 armed men are fighting Mr Assad's military, a figure difficult to confirm independently in the chaos of the civil war.
Gen Idris said the new military command represents the vast majority of these fighters, and that he has begun taking command inside Syria in recent days. He said he has set up five regional operations centres, staffing each with about 15 defected army officers.
He said he is frustrated at times with the lack of discipline among the rebels, the vast majority of them civilians without proper military training. "We need a lot of patience," he said. "If we have a battle, some show up without invitation. They want to take part and shoot."
He said that yesterday he spent much the day near the central city of Hama, observing a successful rebel attempt to capture five regime checkpoints.
Syria's conflict began with a popular uprising in March 2011, but quickly turned violent, with protesters taking up arms in response to a brutal regime crackdown. Activists say more than 40,000 Syrians have been killed and aid officials estimate some three million people have been displaced by the fighting.
Gen Idris portrayed Mr Assad as a powerless figurehead, saying decisions are made by his inner circle of fellow Alawites, followers of an offshoot of Shiite Islam.
The ruling elite will not surrender and is willing "to set everything on fire", warned Gen Idris, who served in the military for 35 years, including as dean at the military's technical college in the city of Aleppo, now a major battleground.
The regime "can and will" use chemical weapons unless the international community forces Mr Assad to leave, he said, speaking in fluent German.
He said rebel fighters are trying to monitor the chemical weapons sites. "We know exactly where they are and we are watching everything," Gen Idris said. "But we don't have the capability to put them under our control."
The West has shown little desire to intervene militarily in Syria's conflict, but US President Barack Obama has said the regime's use of chemical weapons against the rebels would be a "red line".
Earlier this week, Syrian UN ambassador Bashar Ja'afari claimed extremist groups could use chemical weapons against Syrians and then blame the government.
In Washington, State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said yesterday that the Obama administration holds the regime in Damascus responsible for securing the chemical weapons.
She said that "any effort to abrogate that responsibility, any effort to shift that on to others is just (adding) further to the kind of garbage that we've seen from the regime".
US officials have also said the Syrian regime launched more than half a dozen Scud missiles in recent days, the first time it has used such weapons in this conflict.
Gen Idris said he was aware of three launches, including two missiles that fell in Syria's eastern desert and a third on the outskirts of a town close to Aleppo.
Gen Idris, citing information from rebel sympathisers within the regime, said Scud missiles are being trained on north-western Syria, the area close to the Turkish border, and could be fired at any moment.