Egypt extends state of emergency
on 12/09/2013 21:05:43
The nearly month-old state of emergency, which is due to expire within days, preserves greater powers for security forces amid a crackdown on supporters of ousted president Mohammed Morsi and increasing violence by Islamic militants. It was first declared in mid-August after authorities cleared two protest encampments held by Morsi supporters, unleashing violence that claimed the lives of nearly 1,000 in subsequent days.
Ever since, a night-time curfew has also been in effect in much of the country. The interim government will decide separately on whether to continue the curfew. Interim Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi has said the curfew, now lasting for seven hours most nights, is likely to be eased.
Today, the government announced new measures aimed at easing an economic crunch, in a sign that it aims to show it is tackling the nation's problems even amid the exceptional security conditions.
The measures include relief for low-income families from school expenditures and reduction in public transportation costs. They also included an injection of $3.1bn (€2.3bn) budget support to be spent on infrastructure projects and employment generation, which the government says it hopes will increase economic growth from the current 2% to 3.5%.
The spending will largely be financed from money pledged by Gulf countries to Egypt after Mr Morsi's ousting on July 3, the government said.
Egypt's continuing political instability has badly hit the country's economy, decimating tourism and direct foreign investment. In recent rallies, Morsi supporters have increasingly sought to find public backing by evoking the hard economic conditions and authorities' failure to improve people's daily lives.
The extension of the state of emergency, which allows police wider powers of arrest, had been expected. The decree cited continued security concerns. Under the interim constitution, the state of emergency can only be imposed for three months, then must be put to a public referendum.
For most of the 30-year rule of Mr Morsi's predecessor, Hosni Mubarak, Egypt was under emergency law, lifted only after Mr Mubarak was ousted.
The extension came days after the Egyptian military launched a major offensive in northern region of Sinai, with troops backed by helicopter gunships raiding suspected hideouts of al Qaida-inspired militants in a dozen villages. The three-day offensive left 29 militants dead, demolished houses and led to the seizure of weapons and explosives, including 10 anti-aircraft missiles, according to military officials.
In what appeared to be a backlash, a pair of suicide bombers hit military targets in Sinai, killing nine soldiers. Last week, a car bombing in Cairo believed to have been by a suicide attacker targeted the convoy of Interior Minister Mohammed Ibrahim, who is in charge of the police. Mr Ibrahim escaped unharmed but a civilian was killed, in the first such political assassination attempt since the coup against Mr Morsi.
A senior Egyptian official said today that authorities have foiled several "big terrorist attacks" recently. He said they expect more assassination attempts like the one on Mr Ibrahim. He said there are an estimated 10,000 militants operating in Sinai, some of them former prisoners to whom Mr Morsi granted amnesty during his year in office.
Authorities have been cracking down on Mr Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamists since his ousting, arresting at least 2,000 over the past month. Senior leaders of the group have been charged or are under investigation on a string of allegations, particularly incitement to violence. At the same time, extremists' attacks on police stations, government offices and churches have grown more brazen in south Egypt.
Talk of reconciliation has largely faded. Indicating that the presidency is not concerned about negotiating with the Muslim Brotherhood, the official said the presidency is only acting as "shepherd" to political factions which should be the ones holding talks with Islamists.
"We are not in direct talks with Muslim Brotherhood," he stressed.
The Muslim Brotherhood and its allies have stuck by their demand that Mr Morsi be reinstated as president. He has been in detention in an undisclosed location and now faces several charges including inciting the killing of protesters last year.
Also today, an Egyptian court acquitted 10 policemen and four civilians charged in the killings of several protesters who were among the first to fall in the 2011 uprising against Mr Mubarak.
The defendants were the latest to be acquitted from nearly 200 policemen and Mubarak-era officials charged with the killing of 900 protesters. In various trials, most of the defendants have been acquitted, prompting an outcry from families of victims and activists, as well as sometimes violent protests.
Today, the court found the policemen, a businessman and his three sons not guilty of killing 17 protesters and injuring 300 others in January 2011 in the port city of Suez, which saw some of the first protester deaths in dramatic confrontations with police. Anger over the Suez clashes brought even larger crowds into the streets of Cairo and other cities against Mr Mubarak and his security agencies.